University of Edinburgh (UEDIN)

University of Edinburgh

The University of Edinburgh (UEDIN) has, since its founding been one of the largest and most successful universities in the UK and hosts one of the foremost medical institutions in the world. In the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) UEDIN ranked fourth in the UK for research power, is the strongest research centre in the UK for human/animal medicine for research power and third in the UK for Neuroscience. Overall, 84% of the College of Medicine’s research is rated ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’. Additionally, the Neuroscience submission received a 100% score for the quality of its research environment.


A major component of Edinburgh Neuroscience and College of Medicine is the Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, with 57 Principal Investigators, including 19 Chairs, of whom more than 70% are clinicians. SVDs are major research targets of the Centre whose academic focus is the causes, consequences and treatment of major brain disorders, undertaking interdisciplinary but integrated translational research that benefits from its location in Edinburgh BioQuarter.


Also at BioQuarter is Sunergos Innovations, the University’s commercialisation arm. Sunergos Innovations is a UK leader in the successful commercialisation of the intellectual property generated from UEDIN’s world-class research, through licensing technologies to existing companies and new University spin-outs. It has established 2,487 industrial collaborations in the past five years, and has an enviable track record of successful commercialisation, including the creation of over 300 new companies; with 81% still trading.


Roles and tasks of UEDIN in SVDs@target

UEDIN will lead the human studies in WP2 (Blood brain barrier integrity & perivascular flow in SVDs) and contributes to WP7 (Dissemination and intellectual property), through Edinburgh Research and Innovation Ltd, WP3 (Microvascular matrisome), WP4 (Immune cell binding and transmigration), and substantially to WP5 (Interventions).



Key staff

Prof. Joanna Wardlaw

Professor of Applied Neuroimaging and Honorary Consultant Neuroradiologist;

    • Director Brain Research Imaging Centre and of Edinburgh Imaging;
    • Founding Director of the Scottish Imaging Network, A Platform for Scientific Excellence (SINAPSE) Collaboration;
    • Advisor to the Scottish Government on Stroke;
    • Chair, European Stroke Organisation International Liaison Committee;
    • Member, Royal College of Radiologists Research Committee and Grants Advisory Board of the Alzheimer’s Society UK;
    • Former European Editor of Stroke (2005-2013);
    • Former member of Scottish Intercollegiate, UK and European Guideline Committees;
    • Fellow, Academy of Medical Sciences (recently stepped down from the Council) and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

    Major field of research: SVDs, stroke treatment and prevention; randomised clinical trials; imaging in stroke diagnosis and to study pathogenesis and cost-effectiveness analyses.

    Prof. Wardlaw is a work package leader (WP2) in SVDs@target.

    SVD@target team at UEDIN

    Dr Gordon Blair
    Clinical Research Fellow

    Dr Fergus Doubal
    Researcher/Stroke physician

    Stroke Association and Garfield Weston Foundation Senior Clinical Lecturer in stroke and SVDs;
    NHS Research Scotland Fellow and Honorary Consultant Stroke Physician;
    Wellcome Trust and EPSRC-funded research on retinal findings in lacunar stroke, collaborator with Benavente, SPS3 trial.


    Expertise in clinical assessment, cognition, brain imaging (CVR, CSF pulsatility, BBB permeability).


    Dr Michael Thrippleton
    Medical Physicist

    Brain Research Imaging Centre; expert in acquisition and analysis of cerebrovascular activity and BBB imaging.


    Ms Iona Hamilton

    Ms Elaine Sandeman

    Ms Charlotte Sutherland

    Mr Stewart Wiseman

    Ms Gayle Barclay



    Tweets by SVDS@target

    Publications with PubMed ID

    Authors: Mestre H, Verma N, Greene TD, Lin LA, Ladron-de-Guevara A, Sweeney AM, Liu G, Thomas VK, Galloway CA, de Mesy Bentley KL, Nedergaard M, Mehta RI

    Nature communications. 2022 Jul 6;13(1):3897

    PMID: 35794106    Open Access: PMC9259669

    Authors: Rudilosso S, Chui E, Stringer MS, Thrippleton M, Chappell F, Blair G, GarcÃa DJ, Doubal F, Hamilton I, Kopczak A, Ingrish M, Kerkhofs D, Backes WH, Staals J, van Oostenbrugge R, Duering M, Dichgans M, Wardlaw JM, SVDs@Target Investigators

    Neurology. 2022 May 23;99(5):e440-52

    PMID: 35606147    Open Access: PMC9421604

    Authors: Jochems ACC, Muñoz Maniega S, Del C Valdés Hernández M, Barclay G, Anblagan D, Ballerini L, Meijboom R, Wiseman S, Taylor AM, Corley J, Chappell FM, Backhouse EV, Stringer MS, Dickie DA, Bastin ME, Deary IJ, Cox SR, Wardlaw JM

    NeuroImage. Clinical. 2022;34:103019

    PMID: 35490587    Open Access: PMC9062739

    Authors: Klug NR, Nelson MT

    Function (Oxford, England). 2022;3(1):zqab061

    PMID: 35330927    Open Access: PMC8788768

    Authors: Wardlaw JM, Liebeskind DS

    Stroke. 2022 Apr;53(4):1399-1401

    PMID: 35227078

    Authors: Habota T, Sandu AL, Waiter GD, McNeil CJ, Steele JD, Macfarlane JA, Whalley HC, Valentine R, Younie D, Crouch N, Hawkins EL, Hirose Y, Romaniuk L, Milburn K, Buchan G, Coupar T, Stirling M, Jagpal B, MacLennan B, Priba L, Harris MA, Hafferty JD, Adams MJ, Campbell AI, MacIntyre DJ, Pattie A, Murphy L, Reynolds RM, Elliot R, Penton-Voak IS, Munafò MR, Evans KL, Seckl JR, Wardlaw JM, Lawrie SM, Haley CS, Porteous DJ, Deary IJ, Murray AD, McIntosh AM

    Wellcome open research. 2019;4:185

    PMID: 35237729    Open Access: PMC8857525

    Authors: Oka F, Lee JH, Yuzawa I, Li M, von Bornstaedt D, Eikermann-Haerter K, Qin T, Chung DY, Sadeghian H, Seidel JL, Imai T, Vuralli D, Platt RM, Nelson MT, Joutel A, Sakadzic S, Ayata C

    The Journal of clinical investigation. 2022 Apr 15;132(8)

    PMID: 35202003    Open Access: PMC9012276

    Authors: Sundaresan V, Arthofer C, Zamboni G, Dineen RA, Rothwell PM, Sotiropoulos SN, Auer DP, Tozer DJ, Markus HS, Miller KL, Dragonu I, Sprigg N, Alfaro-Almagro F, Jenkinson M, Griffanti L

    Frontiers in neuroinformatics. 2021;15:777828

    PMID: 35126079    Open Access: PMC8811357

    Authors: Clancy U, Makin SDJ, McHutchison CA, Cvoro V, Chappell FM, Hernández MDCV, Sakka E, Doubal F, Wardlaw JM

    Neurology. 2022 Apr 5;98(14):e1459-e1469

    PMID: 35131905    Open Access: PMC8992602

    Authors: Biesbroek JM, Biessels GJ

    International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society. 2023 Jan;18(1):36-43

    PMID: 35098817    Open Access: PMC9806474

    Authors: Zellner A, Müller SA, Lindner B, Beaufort N, Rozemuller AJM, Arzberger T, Gassen NC, Lichtenthaler SF, Kuster B, Haffner C, Dichgans M

    Acta neuropathologica communications. 2022 Jan 24;10(1):6

    PMID: 35074002    Open Access: PMC8785498

    Authors: Lee YK, Mazzucco S, Rothwell PM, Payne SJ, Webb AJS

    Journal of the American Heart Association. 2022 Feb;11(3):e022865

    PMID: 35043657    Open Access: PMC9238484

    Authors: McCartney DL, Hillary RF, Conole ELS, Banos DT, Gadd DA, Walker RM, Nangle C, Flaig R, Campbell A, Murray AD, Maniega SM, Valdés-Hernández MDC, Harris MA, Bastin ME, Wardlaw JM, Harris SE, Porteous DJ, Tucker-Drob EM, McIntosh AM, Evans KL, Deary IJ, Cox SR, Robinson MR, Marioni RE

    Genome biology. 2022 Jan 17;23(1):26

    PMID: 35039062    Open Access: PMC8762878

    Authors: Arts T, Onkenhout LP, Amier RP, van der Geest R, van Harten T, Kappelle J, Kuipers S, van Osch MJP, van Bavel ET, Biessels GJ, Zwanenburg JJM, Heart-Brain Connection Consortium

    Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI. 2022 Jun;55(6):1785-1794

    PMID: 34792263    Open Access: PMC9298760

    Authors: Arts T, Siero JCW, Biessels GJ, Zwanenburg JJM

    Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI. 2021 Jan;53(1):234-241

    PMID: 32810376    Open Access: PMC7754489

    Authors: Weaver NA, Kuijf HJ, Aben HP, Abrigo J, Bae HJ, Barbay M, Best JG, Bordet R, Chappell FM, Chen CPLH, Dondaine T, van der Giessen RS, Godefroy O, Gyanwali B, Hamilton OKL, Hilal S, Huenges Wajer IMC, Kang Y, Kappelle LJ, Kim BJ, Köhler S, de Kort PLM, Koudstaal PJ, Kuchcinski G, Lam BYK, Lee BC, Lee KJ, Lim JS, Lopes R, Makin SDJ, Mendyk AM, Mok VCT, Oh MS, van Oostenbrugge RJ, Roussel M, Shi L, Staals J, Del C Valdés-Hernández M, Venketasubramanian N, Verhey FRJ, Wardlaw JM, Werring DJ, Xin X, Yu KH, van Zandvoort MJE, Zhao L, Biesbroek JM, Biessels GJ

    The Lancet. Neurology. 2021 Jun;20(6):448-459

    PMID: 33901427

    Authors: de Brito Robalo BM, Biessels GJ, Chen C, Dewenter A, Duering M, Hilal S, Koek HL, Kopczak A, Yin Ka Lam B, Leemans A, Mok V, Onkenhout LP, van den Brink H, de Luca A

    NeuroImage. Clinical. 2021;32:102886

    PMID: 34911192    Open Access: PMC8609094

    Authors: Frerich S, Malik R, Georgakis MK, Sinner MF, Kittner SJ, Mitchell BD, Dichgans M

    Stroke. 2022 Apr;53(4):e130-e135

    PMID: 34911345

    Authors: Stringer MS, Heye AK, Armitage PA, Chappell F, Valdés Hernández MDC, Makin SDJ, Sakka E, Thrippleton MJ, Wardlaw JM

    NeuroImage. Clinical. 2021;32:102883

    PMID: 34911189    Open Access: PMC8607271

    Authors: Blair GW, Janssen E, Stringer MS, Thrippleton MJ, Chappell F, Shi Y, Hamilton I, Flaherty K, Appleton JP, Doubal FN, Bath PM, Wardlaw JM

    Stroke. 2022 Jan;53(1):29-33

    PMID: 34847709    Open Access: PMC8700302

    Authors: Webb AJS, Lawson A, Wartolowska K, Mazzucco S, Rothwell PM, OXVASC Study Cohort

    Stroke. 2022 Apr;53(4):1310-1317

    PMID: 34852644    Open Access: PMC7612543

    Authors: Jiménez-Sánchez L, Hamilton OKL, Clancy U, Backhouse EV, Stewart CR, Stringer MS, Doubal FN, Wardlaw JM

    Frontiers in neurology. 2021;12:756887

    PMID: 34777227    Open Access: PMC8581736

    Authors: Shi L, Buchanan CR, Cox SR, Hillary RF, Marioni RE, Campbell A, Hayward C, Stolicyn A, Whalley HC, Harris MA, Waymont J, Waiter G, Backhouse E, Wardlaw JM, Steele D, Mcintosh A, Lovestone S, Buckley NJ, Nevado-Holgado AJ

    Alzheimer's & dementia (Amsterdam, Netherlands). 2021;13(1):e12240

    PMID: 34604499    Open Access: PMC8474123

    Authors: Backhouse EV, Shenkin SD, McIntosh AM, Bastin ME, Whalley HC, Valdez Hernandez M, Muñoz Maniega S, Harris MA, Stolicyn A, Campbell A, Steele D, Waiter GD, Sandu AL, Waymont JMJ, Murray AD, Cox SR, de Rooij SR, Roseboom TJ, Wardlaw JM

    Brain : a journal of neurology. 2021 Dec 31;144(12):3769-3778

    PMID: 34581779    Open Access: PMC8719837

    Authors: Du T, Mestre H, Kress BT, Liu G, Sweeney AM, Samson AJ, Rasmussen MK, Mortensen KN, Bork PAR, Peng W, Olveda GE, Bashford L, Toro ER, Tithof J, Kelley DH, Thomas JH, Hjorth PG, Martens EA, Mehta RI, Hirase H, Mori Y, Nedergaard M

    Brain : a journal of neurology. 2022 Apr 18;145(2):787-797

    PMID: 34581781    Open Access: PMC9014743

    Authors: Wardlaw JM, Benveniste H, Williams A

    Annual review of physiology. 2022 Feb 10;84:409-434

    PMID: 34699267

    Authors: Malik R, Beaufort N, Frerich S, Gesierich B, Georgakis MK, Rannikmäe K, Ferguson AC, Haffner C, Traylor M, Ehrmann M, Sudlow CLM, Dichgans M

    Brain : a journal of neurology. 2021 Oct 22;144(9):2670-2682

    PMID: 34626176    Open Access: PMC8557338

    Authors: Meschia JF, Dichgans M

    Stroke. 2021 Oct;52(10):3385-3387

    PMID: 34470485    Open Access: PMC8608376

    Authors: Sundaresan V, Zamboni G, Dinsdale NK, Rothwell PM, Griffanti L, Jenkinson M

    Medical image analysis. 2021 Dec;74:102215

    PMID: 34454295    Open Access: PMC8573594

    Authors: Koide M, Harraz OF, Dabertrand F, Longden TA, Ferris HR, Wellman GC, Hill-Eubanks DC, Greenstein AS, Nelson MT

    The Journal of clinical investigation. 2021 Sep 15;131(18)

    PMID: 34351870    Open Access: PMC8439604

    Authors: Dichgans M, Beaufort N, Debette S, Anderson CD

    Stroke. 2021 Aug;52(9):2974-2982

    PMID: 34399583    Open Access: PMC8384143

    Authors: Traylor M, Malik R, Gesierich B, Dichgans M

    Brain : a journal of neurology. 2022 Mar 29;145(1):295-304

    PMID: 34358307

    Authors: Sundaresan V, Zamboni G, Rothwell PM, Jenkinson M, Griffanti L

    Medical image analysis. 2021 Oct;73:102184

    PMID: 34325148    Open Access: PMC8505759

    Authors: Li L, Zuurbier SM, Kuker W, Warlow CP, Rothwell PM

    Stroke. 2021 Oct;52(10):3243-3248

    PMID: 34233466    Open Access: PMC8478103

    Authors: Hamilton OKL, Cox SR, Okely JA, Conte F, Ballerini L, Bastin ME, Corley J, Taylor AM, Page D, Gow AJ, Muñoz Maniega S, Redmond P, Valdés-Hernández MDC, Wardlaw JM, Deary IJ

    Translational psychiatry. 2021 Jul 6;11(1):376

    PMID: 34226517    Open Access: PMC8257729

    Authors: Zwartbol MH, Rissanen I, Ghaznawi R, de Bresser J, Kuijf HJ, Blom K, Witkamp TD, Koek HL, Biessels GJ, Hendrikse J, Geerlings MI

    Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 2021 Nov;41(11):3127-3138

    PMID: 34187229    Open Access: PMC8543666

    Authors: Koide M, Ferris HR, Nelson MT, Wellman GC

    Frontiers in physiology. 2021;12:688468

    PMID: 34168571    Open Access: PMC8218876

    Authors: Kerkhofs D, Wong SM, Zhang E, Uiterwijk R, Hoff EI, Jansen JFA, Staals J, Backes WH, van Oostenbrugge RJ

    GeroScience. 2021 Aug;43(4):1643-1652

    PMID: 34160780    Open Access: PMC8492799

    Authors: Stringer MS, Blair GW, Shi Y, Hamilton I, Dickie DA, Doubal FN, Marshall IM, Thrippleton MJ, Wardlaw JM

    Frontiers in physiology. 2021;12:644837

    PMID: 34149442    Open Access: PMC8207286

    Authors: Neitzel J, Franzmeier N, Rubinski A, Dichgans M, Brendel M, Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI), Malik R, Ewers M

    Nature communications. 2021 Jun 22;12(1):3825

    PMID: 34158479    Open Access: PMC8219708

    Authors: Wiegertjes K, Dinsmore L, Drever J, Hutchison A, Stephen J, Valdés Hernández MC, Bhatnagar P, Minks DP, Rodrigues MA, Werring DJ, de Leeuw FE, Klijn CJ, Al-Shahi Salman R, White PM, Wardlaw JM

    Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. 2021 Sep;92(9):950-955

    PMID: 34103345

    Authors: Betrie AH, Brock JA, Harraz OF, Bush AI, He GW, Nelson MT, Angus JA, Wright CE, Ayton S

    Nature communications. 2021 Jun 1;12(1):3296

    PMID: 34075043    Open Access: PMC8169932

    Authors: Humphreys CA, Smith C, Wardlaw JM

    Neuropathology and applied neurobiology. 2021 Dec;47(7):910-930

    PMID: 34037264

    Authors: Hamilton O, Cox SR, Ballerini L, Bastin ME, Corley J, Gow AJ, Muñoz Maniega S, Redmond P, Valdés Hernández MDC, Wardlaw JM, Deary IJ

    Neurobiology of aging. 2021 Sep;105:25-34

    PMID: 34022536    Open Access: PMC8345313

    Authors: Stewart CR, Stringer MS, Shi Y, Thrippleton MJ, Wardlaw JM

    Frontiers in neurology. 2021;12:647848

    PMID: 34017302    Open Access: PMC8129542

    Authors: Fani L, Georgakis MK, Ikram MA, Ikram MK, Malik R, Dichgans M

    Translational psychiatry. 2021 May 17;11(1):291

    PMID: 34001857    Open Access: PMC8129147

    Authors: Arts T, Meijs TA, Grotenhuis H, Voskuil M, Siero J, Biessels GJ, Zwanenburg J

    Frontiers in neuroscience. 2021;15:665480

    PMID: 33981198    Open Access: PMC8107291

    Authors: Rasmussen MK, Mestre H, Nedergaard M

    Physiological reviews. 2022 Apr 1;102(2):1025-1151

    PMID: 33949874    Open Access: PMC8897154

    Authors: Sloots JJ, Biessels GJ, de Luca A, Zwanenburg JJM

    NeuroImage. 2021 Aug 1;236:118078

    PMID: 33878376

    Authors: Arba F, Mair G, Phillips S, Sandercock P, Wardlaw JM, Third International Stroke Trial Collaborators

    Stroke. 2020 May;51(5):1411-1418

    PMID: 32268853    Open Access: PMC7185055

    Authors: Jochems ACC, Blair GW, Stringer MS, Thrippleton MJ, Clancy U, Chappell FM, Brown R, Jaime Garcia D, Hamilton OKL, Morgan AG, Marshall I, Hetherington K, Wiseman S, MacGillivray T, Valdés-Hernández MC, Doubal FN, Wardlaw JM

    Stroke. 2020 May;51(5):1503-1506

    PMID: 32264759    Open Access: PMC7185057

    Authors: Dabertrand F, Harraz OF, Koide M, Longden TA, Rosehart AC, Hill-Eubanks DC, Joutel A, Nelson MT

    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2021 Apr 27;118(17)

    PMID: 33875602    Open Access: PMC8092380

    Authors: Malik R, Georgakis MK, Vujkovic M, Damrauer SM, Elliott P, Karhunen V, Giontella A, Fava C, Hellwege JN, Shuey MM, Edwards TL, Rogne T, Åsvold BO, Brumpton BM, Burgess S, Dichgans M, Gill D

    Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979). 2021 Jun;77(6):2004-2013

    PMID: 33813844    Open Access: PMC8115430

    Authors: Clancy U, Garcia DJ, Stringer MS, Thrippleton MJ, Valdés-Hernández MC, Wiseman S, Hamilton OK, Chappell FM, Brown R, Blair GW, Hewins W, Sleight E, Ballerini L, Bastin ME, Maniega SM, MacGillivray T, Hetherington K, Hamid C, Arteaga C, Morgan AG, Manning C, Backhouse E, Hamilton I, Job D, Marshall I, Doubal FN, Wardlaw JM

    European stroke journal. 2021 Mar;6(1):81-88

    PMID: 33817338    Open Access: PMC7995323

    Authors: Kerkhofs D, Wong SM, Zhang E, Staals J, Jansen JFA, van Oostenbrugge RJ, Backes WH

    Neurology. 2021 Apr 27;96(17):e2192-e2200

    PMID: 33762423    Open Access: PMC8166427

    Authors: Sleight E, Stringer MS, Marshall I, Wardlaw JM, Thrippleton MJ

    Frontiers in physiology. 2021;12:643468

    PMID: 33716793    Open Access: PMC7947694

    Authors: Valdés Hernández MDC, Grimsley-Moore T, Chappell FM, Thrippleton MJ, Armitage PA, Sakka E, Makin S, Wardlaw JM

    Frontiers in neurology. 2021;12:634460

    PMID: 33732208    Open Access: PMC7956970

    Authors: Webb AJS, Lawson A, Mazzucco S, Li L, Rothwell PM, Oxford Vascular Study Phenotyped Cohort

    Stroke. 2021 Apr;52(4):1330-1338

    PMID: 33588593    Open Access: PMC7610951

    Authors: Harshfield EL, Georgakis MK, Malik R, Dichgans M, Markus HS

    Stroke. 2021 Mar;52(3):931-936

    PMID: 33535786    Open Access: PMC7903981

    Authors: Liu G, Mestre H, Sweeney AM, Sun Q, Weikop P, Du T, Nedergaard M

    Cell reports. 2020 Dec 22;33(12):108524

    PMID: 33357428    Open Access: PMC8186543

    Authors: van den Brink H, Weaver NA, Biessels GJ

    Case reports in neurology. 2020 Sep-Dec;12(3):416-421

    PMID: 33362520    Open Access: PMC7747080

    Authors: Valdés Hernández MDC, Smith K, Bastin ME, Nicole Amft E, Ralston SH, Wardlaw JM, Wiseman SJ

    Lupus. 2021 Feb;30(2):285-298

    PMID: 33307988    Open Access: PMC7854491

    Authors: Webb AJS, Lawson A, Wartolowska K, Mazzucco S, Rothwell PM

    Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979). 2021 Jan;77(1):193-201

    PMID: 33249860    Open Access: PMC7720874

    Authors: Biessels GJ

    Stroke. 2020 Dec;51(12):3487-3488

    PMID: 33148147

    Authors: Hamilton OKL, Backhouse EV, Janssen E, Jochems ACC, Maher C, Ritakari TE, Stevenson AJ, Xia L, Deary IJ, Wardlaw JM

    Alzheimer's & dementia : the journal of the Alzheimer's Association. 2021 Apr;17(4):665-685

    PMID: 33185327    Open Access: PMC8593445

    Authors: Webb AJ, Lawson A, Mazzucco S, Li L, Rothwell PM

    International journal of stroke : official journal of the International Stroke Society. 2021 Aug;16(6):683-691

    PMID: 33167788    Open Access: PMC8366176

    Authors: Webb AJ, Lawson A, Li L, Mazzucco S, Rothwell PM, Oxford Vascular Study Phenotyped Cohort

    Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 2021 Jun;41(6):1463-1471

    PMID: 33153374    Open Access: PMC8138338

    Authors: Clancy U, Appleton JP, Arteaga C, Doubal FN, Bath PM, Wardlaw JM

    Chinese medical journal. 2020 Oct 6;134(2):127-142

    PMID: 33118960    Open Access: PMC7817338

    Authors: Giannetto M, Xia M, Stæger FF, Metcalfe T, Vinitsky HS, Dang JAML, Xavier ALR, Kress BT, Nedergaard M, Hablitz LM

    Scientific reports. 2020 Sep 30;10(1):16073

    PMID: 32999319    Open Access: PMC7528110

    Authors: Cleary CM, Moreira TS, Takakura AC, Nelson MT, Longden TA, Mulkey DK

    eLife. 2020 Sep 14;9

    PMID: 32924935    Open Access: PMC7521922

    Authors: Stringer MS, Lee H, Huuskonen MT, MacIntosh BJ, Brown R, Montagne A, Atwi S, Ramirez J, Jansen MA, Marshall I, Black SE, Zlokovic BV, Benveniste H, Wardlaw JM

    Translational stroke research. 2021 Feb;12(1):15-30

    PMID: 32936435    Open Access: PMC7803876

    Authors: Elschot EP, Backes WH, Postma AA, van Oostenbrugge RJ, Staals J, Rouhl RPW, Jansen JFA

    Investigative radiology. 2021 Jan;56(1):10-19

    PMID: 32932377

    Authors: Hablitz LM, Plá V, Giannetto M, Vinitsky HS, Stæger FF, Metcalfe T, Nguyen R, Benrais A, Nedergaard M

    Nature communications. 2020 Sep 2;11(1):4411

    PMID: 32879313    Open Access: PMC7468152

    Authors: Kerkhofs D, van Hagen BT, Milanova IV, Schell KJ, van Essen H, Wijnands E, Goossens P, Blankesteijn WM, Unger T, Prickaerts J, Biessen EA, van Oostenbrugge RJ, Foulquier S

    Theranostics. 2020;10(21):9512-9527

    PMID: 32863942    Open Access: PMC7449902

    Authors: Lee YK, Rothwell PM, Payne SJ, Webb AJS

    Physiological measurement. 2020 Oct 6;41(9):095002

    PMID: 32764198    Open Access: PMC7116588

    Authors: Gill D, Georgakis MK, Zuber V, Karhunen V, Burgess S, Malik R, Dichgans M

    Journal of the American Heart Association. 2020 Jul 21;9(14):e016773

    PMID: 32627641    Open Access: PMC7660704

    Authors: Georgakis MK, Gill D, Malik R, Protogerou AD, Webb AJS, Dichgans M

    Hypertension (Dallas, Tex. : 1979). 2020 Sep;76(3):953-961

    PMID: 32623925    Open Access: PMC7418931

    Authors: Asare Y, Campbell-James TA, Bokov Y, Yu LL, Prestel M, El Bounkari O, Roth S, Megens RTA, Straub T, Thomas K, Yan G, Schneider M, Ziesch N, Tiedt S, Silvestre-Roig C, Braster Q, Huang Y, Schneider M, Malik R, Haffner C, Liesz A, Soehnlein O, Bernhagen J, Dichgans M

    Circulation research. 2020 Aug 28;127(6):811-823

    PMID: 32546048

    Authors: Georgakis MK, Gill D, Webb AJS, Evangelou E, Elliott P, Sudlow CLM, Dehghan A, Malik R, Tzoulaki I, Dichgans M

    Neurology. 2020 Jul 28;95(4):e353-e361

    PMID: 32611631    Open Access: PMC7455321

    Authors: Mestre H, Mori Y, Nedergaard M

    Trends in neurosciences. 2020 Jul;43(7):458-466

    PMID: 32423764    Open Access: PMC7331945

    Authors: Biessels GJ, Nobili F, Teunissen CE, Simó R, Scheltens P

    The Lancet. Neurology. 2020 Aug;19(8):699-710

    PMID: 32445622

    Authors: Blair GW, Thrippleton MJ, Shi Y, Hamilton I, Stringer M, Chappell F, Dickie DA, Andrews P, Marshall I, Doubal FN, Wardlaw JM

    Neurology. 2020 May 26;94(21):e2258-e2269

    PMID: 32366534    Open Access: PMC7357294

    Authors: Ratelade J, Klug NR, Lombardi D, Angelim MKSC, Dabertrand F, Domenga-Denier V, Al-Shahi Salman R, Smith C, Gerbeau JF, Nelson MT, Joutel A

    Circulation. 2020 Jun 23;141(25):2078-2094

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